cast


cast
cast noun, caste
1. The noun cast is derived from the verb and has a number of special meanings, including the actors of a play or film, an object made in metal, and its use as in a person of a moral cast, plus a host of curious technical meanings (e.g. in hawking).
2. Caste, referring to class divisions in India, is now the established spelling, although cast is much more common before 1800. It is derived from Spanish and Portuguese casta, ‘race, lineage’, and is related to chaste.
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cast verb.
This Old Norse word has competed for centuries with Anglo-Saxon throw, and its credentials include an array of 83 meanings in the OED. In current usage, however, it often sounds archaic or rhetorical, influenced by the New Testament

• He that is without sin among you, let him first cast a stone —John 8:7

and is largely restricted to a range of familiar phrases and idioms, such as cast an eye over, cast lots, and cast aside. In ordinary contexts, throw is the more natural word.

Modern English usage. 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cast — (k[.a]st), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Cast}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Casting}.] [Cf. Dan. kaste, Icel. & Sw. kasta; perh. akin to L. {gerere} to bear, carry. E. jest.] 1. To send or drive by force; to throw; to fling; to hurl; to impel. [1913 Webster] Uzziah… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Cast — (k[.a]st), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Cast}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Casting}.] [Cf. Dan. kaste, Icel. & Sw. kasta; perh. akin to L. {gerere} to bear, carry. E. jest.] 1. To send or drive by force; to throw; to fling; to hurl; to impel. [1913 Webster] Uzziah… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Cast — Cast, n. [Cf. Icel., Dan., & Sw. kast.] 1. The act of casting or throwing; a throw. [1913 Webster] 2. The thing thrown. [1913 Webster] A cast of dreadful dust. Dryden. [1913 Webster] 3. The distance to which a thing is or can be thrown. About a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • cast — [kast, käst] vt. cast, casting [ME casten < ON kasta, to throw] 1. a) to put, deposit, or throw with force or violence; fling; hurl b) to give vent to as if by throwing [to cast aspersions] 2. to deposit (a ballot); register (a vote) …   English World dictionary

  • cast — ► VERB (past and past part. cast) 1) throw forcefully or so as to spread over an area. 2) cause (light or shadow) to appear on a surface. 3) direct (one s eyes or thoughts) towards something. 4) express: journalists cast doubt on this account. 5) …   English terms dictionary

  • Cast — ist der Name einer Gemeinde in Frankreich, siehe Cast (Finistère) einer ehemaligen englischen Band, siehe Cast (Band) Cast steht weiterhin für Cast (Medizin), einen immobilisierenden Stützverband als Alternative zum Gipsverband das… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • cast — [kɑːst ǁ kæst] verb cast PTandPP [transitive] cast a vote also cast a ballot to vote for someone or vote in an election: • Justice Kennedy cast the deciding vote in the 5 4 ruling. * * * cast UK US /kɑːst/ verb [T] ( …   Financial and business terms

  • CAST — als Abkürzung steht für: CAST (Algorithmus), ein symmetrisches Verschlüsselungsverfahren Cluster Affinity Search Technique CAST (Unternehmen), das im Diamantengeschäft tätige Unternehmen Consolidated African Selection Trust Ltd. CAST Experiment,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • čast — čȃst ž <I i/čȃšću> DEFINICIJA 1. dostojanstvo koje se zasniva na etičkim načelima, moralni stav koji potiče da se djeluje tako da se stekne poštovanje drugih i sačuva samopoštovanje 2. opće priznanje; počast, uvažavanje 3. moralni dobitak… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Cast — (k[.a]st), v. i. 1. To throw, as a line in angling, esp, with a fly hook. [1913 Webster] 2. (Naut.) To turn the head of a vessel around from the wind in getting under weigh. [1913 Webster] Weigh anchor, cast to starboard. Totten. [1913 Webster] 3 …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English